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Drug Addiction Treatment

Battling Drug Addiction in Chambersburg

Current Treatment Methods

While the vaccine is still in its development stages, heroin addiction is increasing by the day. Traditional inpatient and outpatient programs in a Chambersburg dual diagnosis rehab center prove effective in treating addicts. In fact, even if human testing proves to be successful, addicts would still have to rely on professional rehabilitation to go completely drug free because:

  1. The vaccine only kills cravings for heroin and not other drugs,
  2. The heroin still remains in the blood stream to do its damage

If you or a loved is facing heroin addiction issues, seek professional help immediately.

Another medication which can be used is LAAM. It is also a synthetic opiate like methadone used for the treatment of heroin addiction. It can block the effects for up to 72 hours when taken orally. It eliminates the need for daily dosing and weekend home doses because of the longer duration for which it lasts. For this reason, it was approved in 1993 to be used for treatment purposes.

Although there are different treatment methods and drugs available for the treatment of heroin addiction, controlling the availability of this drug is a crucial aspect that needs to be stressed upon. In Chambersburg , the rising trend of heroin addiction attributes to mainly cheap availability of heroin which should be curbed in order to suppress substance abuse.

Cocaine Vaccine Research

Up until now, the vaccine has been tested on rats and non-human primates. Biologically, non human primates are said to be closer to humans than rats. The success rate of the cocaine vaccine results has urged the researchers to test the vaccine on humans. The tests conducted on rats injected with the virus and cocaine showed less hyperactive behavior than those mice which were given just cocaine.

Researchers attempted to study the effectiveness of the cocaine vaccine in non-human primates by measuring the amount of cocaine attaching itself to the dopamine transporter. If cocaine reaches the brain it prevents the transporter from carrying dopamine out and attaches itself to the dopamine transporter. This keeps the neurotransmitter active in producing a drug high.

An isotope was attached to the dopamine transporter to measure the amount of tracer attaching to the dopamine receptor in presence or absence of cocaine. The activity of the tracer was seen using a Positron Emission Tomography (PET). There was no change in tracer activity in vaccinated and non- vaccinated primates when cocaine was not given. There was a significant drop in activity of tracer when cocaine was given, in non-vaccinated animals.

This means that in the absence of vaccine, cocaine attaches itself to the dopamine receptor by replacing the tracer. The cocaine occupancy of the dopamine receptor in vaccinated primates was reduced to 20% by use of the vaccine. Previous researches have shown that to produce high cocaine should occupy 47% of the dopamine transporter.

The vaccine was further reported to have lasted 13 weeks in rats and 7 weeks in non-human primates. Researches do not know the amount of vaccine shots that would be required for humans to make it effective. With preliminary results being so satisfying, conducting human trials in near future for the cocaine vaccine gives hope to the cocaine addicts in Chambersburg who want to desperately stop using.

Cocaine Vaccine: Methods to Treat Cocaine Addiction in Chambersburg

Thousands of people in Chambersburg suffer from cocaine addiction, and this has serious consequences as far as healthcare expenses and fatalities are concerned. There are several treatments for cocaine addiction in Chambersburg. As far as medications are concerned, methadone works well with heroin addiction, but unfortunately, there is no such alternative for cocaine addiction.

That is why recently scientists have been working on developing a cocaine vaccine. Like methadone, a cocaine vaccine may be able to prevent the pleasurable sensations associated with the addictive.

Differentiating between Psychological and Physical Dependency

Physiological dependency is when your biological system is addicted to the drug and propels you towards the intake. The aforementioned is the result of a physiological dependency.

A psychological dependency, however, occurs when you want to swiftly slip away into another world and run away from unpleasant feelings. As a tool for escapism, the drug is utilized. Breaking away from reality and everyday concerns such as failed relationships, poor job performance, poor grades or the like can be undertaken with the use of several drugs.


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